the last few months The Dark Ages of the Crypto IndustryFrom April to June, the value of Bitcoin more than half, from just over $45,000 to about $20,000.another coin dropped moreoverThe Terra-UST ecosystem, a mix of cryptocurrencies and cryptocoins designed to be pegged to the dollar, Bankruptcy in May, erase $60 billion worth of value and lead to There is a cascading failure among cryptocurrency lenders. Established companies like popular cryptocurrency exchange Coinbase have announced layoffs.
Amidst the turmoil, crypto skeptics have doubled down on their criticism, often focusing on it. About overspeculationand Crash claimed to have Code Revealed As ponzi schemeSome cite extreme volatility as evidence.How can crypto respond hype If participation feels like a roller coaster — what if operators are against safety inspections? Not as strong an argument. Rather, it exposes misconceptions about what different crypto assets represent.
Crypto is a young industry. Most projects he’s only five years old. Ultimately, different coins are meant to serve different functions, but today they more or less function as startup stocks with the unique properties of having liquidity and price discovery from the start. doing. This unique attribute is made possible by the novelty of the underlying infrastructure, leading to a milder explanation of the volatility.
Stocks, Liquidity, Volatility
Startup equity is a central concept in business. Everything from a venture capital investment in a software company to an ownership interest in your cousin’s new restaurant falls into that category. You don’t invest in a restaurant expecting the stock to flip in a month. No liquidity also means no price discovery. Your investment is worthless.
Crypto is different because tokens can start trading instantly. It may even be before the functionality in which the token is intended to be used is enabled. This capability is enabled by a cryptographic underlying infrastructure designed for a post-digital world where data moves freely and critical tasks are performed by code rather than clerks. This does not mean that all projects have to issue tokens right away, but many do.
Early liquidity has advantages and disadvantages. Before analyzing them, it may be helpful to understand why the conventional financial system does not offer this option.
Despite increasing digitization, the architecture of the system that Wall Street operates is the same as it was decades ago. It relies on opaque systems that do not communicate with each other and still require a fair amount of manual processing. Trading may appear very active, but back-office settlements are the bottleneck, limiting access to the stocks of the largest companies. Regulation also plays a role in this gatekeeping, but infrastructure is the main bottleneck. The startup boom of the last decade has created a bespoke market for small businesses, but it’s also limited in scope. Most companies cannot issue liquid shares even if they want to.
The native digital design of blockchain platforms like Ethereum allows them to handle orders of magnitude more assets: hundreds of thousands (and soon millions) of tokens that can be traded 24 hours a day. The code automates token issuance, trading, and transfer from one owner to the next. All assets are programmable to improve interaction between different assets (such as cryptocurrencies and fiat currencies pegged to traditional currencies) and reduce errors. Partial ownership is easily accepted, allowing universal access to infrastructure for both entrepreneurs and investors. If this is the media industry, Ethereum will be to Wall Street what YouTube is to cable TV, for better or worse. Lack of better infrastructure and gatekeepers leads to more participation and innovation, but lack of curation also means more garbage.
These features enable cheaper to operate, more dynamic markets and potentially financial models. it wouldn’t exist Otherwise why would anyone Central Bank to Wall Street is investigating blockchain technology. However, increased efficiency comes with trade-offs. On the one hand, capital formation will improve, allowing entrepreneurs to tap into a larger pool of potential investors. But the inevitable consequence of bringing such efficiency gains to a share of young projects is extreme volatility.
Most startups fail. Investing in a startup is betting in a race against oblivion. From an entrepreneur’s perspective, every decision—what kind of cuisine to serve at a new restaurant—has an amplified impact. The same is true for external development, such as obtaining a liquor license. From an investor’s perspective, trying to downplay the consequences of these decisions is equally difficult. A business’s end result distribution is at its widest when it’s born, so rational investors can’t help but overreact all the time.
If your cousin’s new restaurant had tradable stock it would probably be as volatile as cryptocurrency. Could be a tank. Given the uncertainty, external developments will also have an amplified impact. New restaurants are more susceptible to food fads, inclement weather, etc. than established ones.
Everything gets bigger with blockchain
Cryptocurrency investors are grappling with a stronger version of this phenomenon. Because everything is borderless and the total addressable market is huge. Unlike new community banks, blockchain-based lending protocols can theoretically serve hundreds of millions of people around the world. Success can mean great value accrual for that token, but it can also mean project failure. Early investors have no choice but to move between hope and despair.
Their dilemma is exacerbated by the fact that most digital assets cannot be classified into traditional categories, making valuation very difficult. Traditional investors can base their sanity checks on established metrics such as the price-to-earnings ratio (PE). Crypto investors have no such option. Most digital assets are hybrids, moving from one category to another throughout their lifecycle.
Ether, for example, started out as a security because the coin was sold in advance to fund its development. But when blockchain started, it shifted to a cross between currencies and commodities. I was there. These features set it apart from traditional stocks and commodities. You can’t pay a cab ride with Uber stock, and you can’t save oil. Today, it has evolved further into yielding instruments, collateral assets for borrowing, reference currencies for NFTs, and means for validators to participate in consensus.
All these attributes make even the most mature crypto projects difficult to value, and we don’t care about the thousands of projects that have recently started. You might argue that’s why a project shouldn’t have tradable stock. In fact, access to startups investing in traditional finance is often limited to institutional or “sophisticated” investors. However, such restrictions have their own drawbacks.
Lack of access to startup investment contributed To Widening wealth gapSuccessful companies like Meta (Facebook) were as private as possible and VC funds couldn’t do that. not yet — Take retail money. Other investments, such as real estate and collectible art, were too high of an entry price for most people. It was a high performing asset.
Bitcoin was still volatile during that period, but volatility isn’t always bad.Price movements convey important information to founders and investors. Especially during the adolescent stage, which is critical for startups. And limiting price discovery to regular funding rounds negotiated with a handful of investors is risky. WeWork famously raised money at his $47 billion valuation less than 1 year before bankruptcy.Theranos cherished At $9 billion before bankruptcy. There was little price information until the end despite multiple red flags for both companies.Both investments proved to be as volatile as cryptocurrencies.
good news about bad news
Universal access, instant price discovery, and increased transparency also contribute to both the reality and awareness of fraud and shady behavior in cryptocurrencies. Like any other technology that removes friction, the ability to easily launch new projects has been a boon to scammers and overnight operators, with the accessibility and efficiency of email considered the Prince of Nigeria. Just as it has led to a surge in people looking for a place to park their money.
That’s not to say that crypto projects don’t have a higher failure rate than new restaurants. It’s no surprise that new industries are less successful than established industries.But full transparency is encrypted look Worse than that. Dishonest entrepreneurs raising money from unquestionable marks is an old practice in all industries. Thousands of new restaurants fail each year, and some of those failures inevitably turn out to be scams. Cryptocurrencies are unique in that even fraud is transparent, and in the long run, transparency is a powerful tool for combating shady behavior in any industry.
The crypto industry has a lot to do and the current recession certainly offers some hard lessons. An essential step in this process is understanding what volatility means in the crypto markets: what signals are being sent and what signals are being reacted to. Investors and entrepreneurs will learn not only what is possible in this new ecosystem, but what is not, and some of the lessons learned by a sector that hopes cryptocurrencies will transcend technology. I’m listening. Money and arrogance make a bad combination, and nothing reinforces the importance of humility more than the crash. You will be well advised not to fall into the trap of